A chalazion is a mass or cyst, which can occur, in the upper or lower eyelid. Chalazions are often chronic, which means they recur frequently.
A chalazion is usually formed by the build-up of secretions in the meibomian gland that forms a cyst. Chalazions occur most often in adults and may be linked to other skin conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis, blepharitis and rosacea.
Symptoms of a chalazion include a swelling in the upper or lower lid, which may become red. Usually these masses are not painful. If a bump in the upper eyelid becomes large enough, it can cause blurred vision. Other symptoms are facial swelling and increased tearing.
Good eyelid hygiene will help prevent chalazions. The lashes and eyelids should be cleaned daily, and all make-up completely removed. Please ask for an information leaflet on lid hygiene.
Most chalazions go away in a few weeks or months. If not, hot packs used for 10 minutes 4 times a day may help to reduce the chalazion. Antibiotic ointments or drops may also help it resolve.
If the chalazion is quite large or has not responded to treatment, it can be removed surgically in clinic at Nepean Valley Eye Surgeons.
You should expect to be at the clinic for about one hour, although the procedure takes only 10 – 15 minutes.
After local anaesthetic, a chalazion instrument is put in place and an incision is made allowing the lesion to be drained.
You will remain in the clinic until the area has ceased bleeding and antibiotic ointment will be applied to the area.
The ointment will cause some blurring of vision and it is therefore advised that you DO NOT DRIVE after the procedure.
You may experience some discomfort after the anaesthetic has worn off, so plan to have a quiet evening at home.
The eye is not normally covered after this procedure but you may need some clean tissues to dab any excess discharge.
You will be given some antibiotic ointment to use for a few days following the procedure. No follow-up is required unless you experience any problems or the chalazion has not fully resolved.
With some people, a chalazion may reoccur even after an incision and drainage procedure.